The following is a summary of USDA programs that support the resilience of farm operations. Use the links below to read more about specific programs.
General Farm Resilience Tips
Getting a Farm Number is a simple process with several major benefits for farmers. Farm numbers ensure that farmers receive timely and relevant information that can support their operation. And Farm Numbers are sometimes required to access certain USDA programs.
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There are several simple steps farmers can take to set themselves up for a smoother recovery process if disaster strikes. This includes talking with your local USDA offices, keeping important documents on file, and understanding what programs might be available to you after a disaster.
Disaster Relief Programs
Farming is unpredictable; natural disasters, extreme weather, crop disease, livestock death, damage to buildings and structures, are all possibilities. And while the risk can never be fully removed, there are options for farmers to prepare or recover when disaster strikes. The following is a summary of programs and services available through USDA Farm Service Agency that can help farmers with disaster recovery.
Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP)
Insurance for crops grown for food, fiber, or forage against production loss due to disaster or weather
NAP provides financial assistance to producers of non-insurable crops (generally any crop besides conventional row crops) to protect against natural disasters that result in lower yields or crop losses, or prevents crop planting. Farmers receive NAP coverage payments when crop production loss falls below insured coverage levels due to an eligible cause (e.g. hurricane, excessive heat, flood).
Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-raised Fish Program (ELAP)
May cover the expense/loss of income due to honeybee and farm-raised fish death or livestock grazing/feed/water loss due to a disaster or disease
ELAP provides emergency assistance to eligible producers of livestock, honeybees, and farm-raised fish. It covers losses due to adverse weather or other loss conditions including blizzards, disease, flood, water transport, and wildfires.
Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP)
May cover the expense/loss of income of livestock death due to a disaster or disease
LIP provides benefits to eligible livestock owners or contract growers for livestock deaths in excess of normal mortality caused by eligible loss conditions, including eligible adverse weather, eligible disease, and attacks by animals reintroduced into the wild by the federal government or protected by federal law.
Emergency Conservation Program (ECP)
May cover the cost of damages to farmland, fences, or conservation structures due to disasters
ECP provides emergency funding and technical assistance to farmers and ranchers to rehabilitate farmland/conservation structures that are damaged by natural disasters and implement emergency water conservation measures in periods of severe drought.